We've been re-viewing Berkshire AGM videos this week and compiled a few notes that may be useful to you - arranged by topic (and videos are time-stamped for your ease of reference):
Exploit the Gambling Impulse
"The gambling impulse is strong" and this has been true throughout the stock market's history. It's the "pathological" nature of stock speculation as Ben Graham once said.
"They've gone to great lengths to come out to do something mathematically unintelligent, and they knew it was unintelligent, and they couldn't do it fast enough ... This is the land of opportunity."
"Nine out of ten so-called investors - and this includes the big institutions - are really speculators. This is fortunate, because it means the tenth can make a decent profit." (Ben Graham in July 1976)
Encouraging words for investors. The idea of exploiting the gambling/speculation inherent in markets gets our juices flowing - a bookmaker's approach to markets.
This general speculative attitude is likely to be a continuing source of profits as long as humans are accountable for trading results (regardless of algorithmic trading or the level of AI in markets).
An Important Qualitative Trait
A good reminder that once strong competitive advantages are identified, it's the lack of change that's the important qualitative factor in an investment purchase of stocks - or "stability" as Ben Graham wrote in Security Analysis.
Don't Expect Management to Change
On the subject of change, it's also wise not to expect management to change - accept the warts going in, and invest only if you're comfortable at the price you get in.
A Group Approach
As Warren is well known for his concentration, we find it insightful when he does take a group approach to stocks.
Below, referring to the difficulty of evaluating individual pharmaceutical companies in 1993 (when Clinton introduced healthcare reforms that battered pharmaceutical stocks), he says he should've taken a basket approach to the pharmaceutical industry as a whole.
A group approach just seems so much simpler and sensible to us. Why look for the needle when the haystack is very cheap.
The Junk Bond Approach to Stocks
Buffett's foray into distressed junk bonds in 2002 is fascinating to us because it's similar to Ben Graham's approach to common stocks. (Also note the Level 3 question right after)
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